Top Awe-Inspiring Architectural Wonders of India
India is a diverse country and there is no better example of it than the architecture of the country. According to leading Indian architects of India it is so difficult to define in a certain form as many streams of artistic genius have contributed to it. We have an innate mixture of traditional sciences like Vastushastra and Sthapatyashastra that were developed in India while, building and design styles have come from both the conquerors and natives of India, such as the Mughals, Rajputs, the British, the French, the Portuguese and the Spanish.
We have listed some samples of the numerous design that India should offer:
Stupa of Sanchi – Built in 3rd century B.C., originally commissioned by Emperor Ashoka. The central shrine is encircled by the Pradakshina Path and the railing with its four Toranas (gates) that depict stories from Buddha’s life. This monument is the inspiration for several Buddhist and Hindu structures.
The Kailasa Temple – Built in the eighth century, represents a singular conjunction of 2 dominant designs – Buddhist cave architecture and Hindu temple design. The temple is a vast monolithic rock carving. It includes a columned Mandapa with a singular pattern on the roof prime consisting of lions inside concentrical circles. 5 subsidiary shrines around and 2 mammoth Deepasthambhas etched directly out of stone. The temple leaves an enduring impact on visitors.
Srirangapatanam: The temple city is organised in spaces keeping the temple as the focal point. Built in the14th century, it represents the physical embodiment of Vedic principles and the cosmos. It’s located on an island in the River Kaveri and comprises of the temple and seven concentric walls, each with a Gopuram.
Taj Mahal: The Mughal style of the paradise garden is based on a unique concept of Char Bagh, which is the double axis symmetry and 4 quadrants. It has been perfected inside the layout of the fabulous mausoleum, wherever the building itself is placed at the top of the garden as a climax to the arrangement. Even today, the Taj commands one’s attention due to its pristine glory and purity of existence.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: With European colonisers, came new styles and industrialisation. Europe was itself remodelled by these winds of modification and Republic of India was plagued by the movements that stirred UK and Europe. The Victoria Terminus, currently called the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus of city, was built in 1878 and designed by F.W. Stevens. It’s the best Victorian Gothic style building in Republic of India. However, the ornamentation of the outside and interior surfaces combines Neo-Gothic options with tropical and Saracenic motifs, forming a style that has come to be known as Bombay Gothic.
Rashtrapati Bhavan: No discussion on Indian Architecture can be complete without a mention of Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens. His plan for Delhi can be termed as the most ambitious of all architectural projects in the history of the British empire. Its colonial character was Indianised by him adding to the process of assimilation and integration.
Chandigarh: A creation of Le Corbusier, it’s a wonder of post-Independence India. He wanted to reflect the spirit of freedom, thus he used bold European styles to achieve this objective. Chandigarh was born from the marriage of India’s new approach to Independence and the contemporary times signify the diversity of Indian cultures and times.