Using the right proportions of raw material is essential for obtaining an optimum quality of concrete mix. Although it is advisable to seek professional advice for determining the proportions, this chart can be used as a ready reference:

Use/ApplicationProportion on volumetric basis
CementSandStone Aggregates
Plain Cement Concrete (PCC)136
RCC footing column, beam, slab, etc.11.53
Brick Masonry (23 cm and above)16-
Brick Masonry (Less than 23 cm)13-
Cement plaster on wall14-
Cement plaster on ceiling13-
Ceramic tiles fixing14-
IPS flooring124
Cement concrete for footpath/internal roads in housing societies11.53

Note : It is preferable to use fine sand for plastering work and coarse sand for masonry, PCC, RCC & CC Road work.